Welding is a useful technique for joining many different types of metals. It can be used for pure metals and alloys, depending on the composition of each material. However, one of the most complicated alloys to weld is titanium. Titanium consists of sensitive, high-density metals that can easily become oxidised under high temperatures.
If you're looking to prevent your welding substrates from damage or an unpleasant appearance, you should consider implementing best practices for titanium welding. This includes selecting the right weld technique and operating conditions to prevent high costs and material wastage.
In order to achieve a high quality weld on titanium surfaces, the welding speed needs to be slower and more intricate. Welding machines may proceed as slowly as several cm/min, increasing the chances of oxidation on the surface. Oxidation is a reaction between the substrate and the atmosphere, creating an oxidised layer that affects the quality of your final product.
A critical part of welding titanium is preventing this oxidation from occurring. There are many techniques welders use to prevent oxidation. For example, shielding can be used to protect your substrates from being exposed to the atmosphere, while argon can create an inert environment where atmospheric gases don't access your titanium surface.
Another innovative technique is using single pass titanium TIP and TIG welding. This method is offered by advanced welders who are able to control the flame temperature such that it doesn't cause oxidation. The idea is to balance working temperatures with welding quality so as to create a highly efficient product. Furthermore, single-pass welding can be carried out faster and at a lower cost for your titanium products.
Using effective welding techniques
Single-pass welding is one of the most effective alternatives for handling titanium welds. This is not only because it prevents oxidation, but also because the flame is within close proximity to your substrates. This reduces the margins of error and time it takes to work on a particular product.
If you're working with titanium, you should take active steps towards selecting the right welding company and techniques. Automated TIP and TIG welds are an excellent choice for alloys that may require close attention. As opposed to welding copper, aluminium or zinc, titanium is a hybrid alloy that may be affected by environmental conditions. This is why ensuring a clean, high-quality and durable weld will be critical for the quality of your end products.